Glossary of Wine Terms
You can browse our topics using the letters below, or search for a term.
|Legs||A term used to describe how wine sticks to the inside of a wineglass after drinking or swirling.|
|Magnum||A bottle equal to two regular 750 ml bottles.|
|Maderized||Stemming from the word Madeira, this term means oxidization in a hot environment.|
|Maceration||The process of allowing grape juice and skins to ferment together, thereby imparting color, tannins, and aromas.|
|Must||Crushed grapes about to go or going through fermentation.|
|Malbec||A hearty red grape of French origin now exceedingly popular in Argentina.|
|Madeira||A fortified wine that has been made on a Portuguese island off the coast of Morocco since the fifteenth century.|
|Malolactic Fermentation||A secondary fermentation, often occurring in barrels, whereby harsher malic acid is converted into creamier lactic acid.|
|Merlot||A lauded red grape popular in Bordeaux and throughout the world; large amounts of Merlot exist in Italy, the United States, South America, and elsewhere.|
|Medoc||A section of Bordeaux on the west bank of the Gironde Estuary known for great red wines; Margaux, St.-Estephe, and Pauillac are three leading AOCs in the Medoc.|
Synonymous with bouquet; the sum of a wine's aromas.
|Nebbiolo||A red grape popular in the Piedmont region of northwest Italy; the grape that yields both Barolo and Barbaresco.|
A French term for a person or company that buys wines from others and then labels it under his or her own name; stems from the French word for 'shipper.'
A term used to describe woody aromas and flavors; butter, popcorn, and toast notes are found in 'oaky' wines.
|Oxidized||A wine that is no longer fresh because it was exposed to too much air.|
|Organic||Grapes grown without the aid of chemical-based fertilizers, pesticides, or herbicides.|
French for 'first growth;' a high-quality vineyard but one not as good as grand cru.
|Pinot Noir||The prime red grape of Burgundy, Champagne, and Oregon.|
|Phylloxera||A voracious vine louse that over time has destroyed vineyards in Europe and California.|
|Pinotage||A hybrid between Pinot Noir and Cinsault thatis grown almost exclusively in South Africa.|