Glossary of Wine Terms
You can browse our topics using the letters below, or search for a term.
|Pinot Gris||Also called Pinot Grigio, this is a grayish-purple grape that yields a white wine with a refreshing character.|
|Pinot Noir||The prime red grape of Burgundy, Champagne, and Oregon.|
|Pinotage||A hybrid between Pinot Noir and Cinsault thatis grown almost exclusively in South Africa.|
|Plonk||A derogatory name for cheap, poor-tasting wine.|
|Pomace||The mass of skins, pits, and stems left over after fermentation; used to make grappa in Italy and marc in France.|
|Port||A sweet, fortified wine made in the Douro Valley of Portugal and aged in the coastal town of Vila Nova de Gaia; variations include Vintage, Tawny, Late Bottled Vintage, Ruby, White, and others.|
French for 'first growth;' a high-quality vineyard but one not as good as grand cru.
|Press||The process by which grape juice is extracted prior to fermentation; a machine that extracts juice from grapes.|
A French term for wine sold while it is sill in the barrels; known as 'futures' in English-speaking countries.
|Pruning||The annual vineyard chore of trimming back plants from the previous harvest.|
|Racking||The process of moving wine from barrel to barrel, while leaving sediment behind.|
|Reserva||A Spanish term for a red wine that has spent at least three years in barrels and bottles before release.|
|Reserve||A largely American term indicating a wine of higher quality; it has no legal meaning.|
|Rhone||A river in southwest France surrounded by villages producing wines mostly from Syrah; the name of the wine-producing valley in France.|
|Riddling||The process of rotating Champagne bottles in order to shift sediment toward the cork.|
|Riesling||Along with Chardonnay, one of the top white grapes in the world; most popular in Germany, Alsace, and Austria.|
|Rioja||A well-known region in Spain known for traditional red wines made from the Tempranillo grape.|
|Rose||French for ipink,i and used to describe a category of refreshing wines that are pink in color but are made from red grapes.|
|Sancerre||An area in the Loire Valley known mostly for wines made from Sauvignon Blanc.|
|Sangiovese||A red grape native to Tuscany; the base grape for Chianti, Brunello di Montalcino, Morellino di Scansano, and others.|