Is this food-friendly, moderately priced white “steeling” the spotlight from overoaked, overpriced, overhyped Chards?

Ten years ago, we could probably have sampled all of the Sauvignon Blancs we could grab off retailers’ shelves, from $7 on up to $50, and still had time left over before lunch. This year, it took Wine Enthusiast’s tasting panel two or three weeks to evaluate Sauvignon Blancs for this tasting.

We knew early on that we would have to limit our 2002 look at this booming varietal. Motto, Kryla & Fisher, the Napa-based wine industry research firm, reports that there were 270 different bottlings of California Sauvignon Blanc alone last year. Add the bottlings from Sauvignon Blanc-heavy France and New Zealand, plus up-and-comers from Australia, Italy, South Africa and Spain, and we would have driven ourselves into a 700-bottle train wreck of a tasting feature.

We limited this survey to Sauvignon Blancs with a $15-30 retail price, which is just above the upper end of the varietal’s $11-15 median retail price. Left out of the tasting were wines that are hard to find or allocation-only bottlings, and those that contained less than 75 percent Sauvignon Blanc. As a result of the latter restriction, many Sauvignon-Sémillon blends, particularly those from the Graves region of Bordeaux, were ineligible for review.

These wines were evaluated under controlled conditions: They were tasted blind, in flights of five, by three of Wine Enthusiast’s tasting panelists. Our goal? To determine the overall quality of the wine that MKF says is poised to overtake in popularity Chardonnay, whose by-the-ton prices are declining at twice the rate that those of Sauvignon Blanc are rising. Our findings? That Chardonnay had best watch its back—this “alternative” white wine has price, food-friendliness and a racy, lighter style in its favor.

There’s Something About

Of the 114 Sauvignon Blancs that Wine Enthusiast’s tasting panel reviewed for this feature, 48 were from California, 20 were from France and 31 were from New Zealand. The other 15 came from Spain, Italy, Australia and South Africa, collectively.

The results of our evaluations confirm what you probably already knew: New Zealand makes consistently fine Sauvignon Blanc at this price point. More than half of the Kiwi entries (a full 16 of the 31 New Zealand offerings) scored 89 points or better—and all but three are from Marlborough, on the northeastern tip of the country’s South Island. (The high proportion of good regional wines makes sense, given that two-thirds of the country’s Sauvignon Blanc vines are in Marlborough.) Most, if not all, of these wines are cold-fermented in stainless steel.

By comparison, only 17 percent of Californian and 20 percent of French Sauvignon Blancs scored at least 89 points. While it may seem as though New Zealand runs circles around its two closest competitors, a more likely conclusion is that some of France’s best Sauvignon Blancs retail for more than $30, and some of California’s best cost less than $15.

What makes Marlborough Sauvignon Blancs so appealing are their pungent flavors and racy, sometimes bracing, acidity, which have everything to do with the region’s climate—a long growing season and cool, breezy nights—and its free-draining, loamy terroir. George Geris, the winemaker at Villa Maria’s Marlborough facility, also attributes the region’s fresh flavors to “the stony ex-riverbed soils that devigorate the vines and concentrate the flavors in the grapes.” Tropical fruit, gooseberry and zesty lime flavors are prevalent in wines from the region.

Entries from New Zealand’s Hawkes Bay and Waipara appellations also fared well. Esk Valley and Mill’s Reef from Hawkes Bay on the North Island, and Pegasus Bay from Waipara, on the east coast of the South Island, are a few of the non-Marlborough entries. Steve Smith, MW, winemaker for Craggy Range, has just harvested his first crop of Martinborough Sauvignon Blanc, and will be releasing this single-vineyard Martinborough Terrace Vineyard offering in the States in February 2003, along with two single-vineyard offerings from Marlborough.

However much we generalize about a crisp, vibrant “New Zealand style,” wines from that country sometimes resemble their Old World counterparts. The Crossings’ winemaker, George Elworthy, says that wines made from the eastern end of the Marlborough’s Awatere Valley, which is about 15 miles from the more well-known Wairau River area, “develop very strong flinty and steely characters, typically giving wines that are more akin to some of the classic Loire Valley Sauvignons.”

The Loire Valley Sauvignon Blancs that we most admired did indeed adhere to the flinty profile that Elworthy describes. Didier Dagueneau’s entry-level Sauvignon Blanc, the 2000 En Chailloux Pouilly-Fumé, has floral, quartzlike mineral flavors, with dust, smoke and lime aromas. The Sancerres that impressed us most, such as Lucien Crochet’s 2000 La Croix du Roy and Pascal Jolivet’s 2000 Les Caillottes, were zesty yet elegant packages of citrus and chalk, with some apple or melon fruit nuances.

“Chalky soil can demonstrate the very typical taste of Sauvignon Blanc from Sancerre,” says Pascal Jolivet. His Caillotes (named appropriately, as “caillotes” is French for “chalk”) is selected from 45- to 50-year-old vines, with yields of about 2.8 tons per acre.

Pascal & Nicolas Reverdy’s 2000 Vieilles Vignes was another top Sancerre performer, with a fuller mouthfeel and more tropical fruit on the palate than its neighbors showed. Wines from the Loire Valley, says Susan Wilber, beverage director for the Ark Restaurant Group, are becoming more popular choices as apéritifs and “first-course” wines—they’re “dry, clean, crisp and great values.”

California-style Sauvignon Blanc errs on the side of richness, not dryness. The state’s typical Blancs offer stone fruit (particularly peach), tropical fruit, citrus and melon flavors; add smoke, spice and peppery flavors to that profile if the wine has spent substantial time in oak. These wines tend to be weightier and rounder than those from New Zealand and France. Our top Golden State picks include selections from Guenoc, rich with melon, pear and citrus flavors but nicely balanced, and Rochioli, which had nice talc-mineral flavors bookending tropical fruit flavors on the palate. Benziger’s 2000 Estate Sauvignon Blanc had smoke and spice accents to its citrus fruit, thanks to judicious barrel fermentation.

The “Other”
White Wine
Sauvignon Blanc “was slow to take off here,” observes Todd Hess, wine director at Sam’s Wines and Spirits in Chicago. “In the early ’90s, Sauvignon Blanc was really popular in the Midwest. Then it took a backward step. I think what was happening was that a lot of the producers, particularly Californian producers, were starting to oak the wines. People were saying, ‘These taste like Chardonnay—so I’m just going to buy the Chardonnay.’ ”

Indeed, the wines that made the best impressions on the tasting panel were the ones that had little or no exposure to oak. We tasters were, on some deeper level, drawn to Sauvignon Blancs that didn’t try to masquerade as The Other White Wine, Chardonnay.

“I don’t believe in oak for Sauvignon Blanc,” says Jolivet. “The taste of Sauvignon Blanc from Sancerre with natural fermentation and vinified in a stainless steel tank is better for [our] style.”

California’s Duckhorn and Cakebread bottlings (a moderate 32 percent and 15 percent of which, respectively, see French oak), says Hess, are among Sam’s top-selling Sauvignon Blancs. Other California bottlings, such as Frog’s Leap, are entirely tank fermented. Some California winemakers, at least, are making varietally true Sauvignons, and leaving the malolactic fermentation to Reserve Chardonnays.

“People are getting tired of Chardonnay,” declares Raimundo Gaby, sommelier at New York’s Lutèce restaurant. “And Chenin Blanc produces wines that are not easy to understand. Riesling has gotten a bad rap, and is struggling to get rid of its ‘sweet’ image. Viognier is difficult for winemakers to get right, and the good ones are somewhat expensive. This is the moment for Sauvignon Blanc.”

The moment, perhaps, because restaurants and home chefs alike have discovered a white wine that complements a wide range of often-hard-to-pair foods—”like tomatoes,” says Gaby. “Sauvignon Blanc does the job very well, because it brings a great aromatic range packed with greater acidity.”


Seresin 2001 Sauvignon Blanc (Marlborough)
Flowery in the nose, with hints of grass, green melon and mustard seed. The tangy, crystal-clean palate is loaded with orange, tangerine, nectarine and apricots. The long, flavorful finish features citrus pith, lime and minerals. If you want a combination of complexity and forwardness, this is your wine.

90 Cairnbrae 2001 The Stones Sauvignon Blanc (Marlborough)
Lime, mineral and grass make up the pungent, pulsating bouquet. Apricots and peaches comprise the stone-fruit-dominated palate, which is touched up by a pinch of honey. There’s a nice tang, and snap to the finish, which offers a little white pepper just to make things interesting.
90 Caroline Bay 2001 Sauvignon Blanc (Marlborough)
Pink grapefruit is most pronounced on the otherwise soft, sweet bouquet. The mouth is tangy, with green apple and crisp pear in addition to green melon. In the mouth, there’s a welcome creaminess. A long citrusy finish that offers plenty of sweetness closes things out.
90 Craggy Range 2001 Old Renwick Vineyard Sauvignon Blanc (Marlborough)
Citrus and gooseberry define the all-fruit nose. In the mouth, you’ll encounter the full allotment of cantaloupe, citrus and green herbs, particularly basil. The tangy finish is like grapefruit sorbet after a nice meal; it cleanses the palate, leaving no residue at all. It’s refined, racy and tips the scale at just the right weight.
90 The Crossings 2001 Sauvignon Blanc (Marlborough)
From the Awatere subsection of Marlborough, this wine is all about balance and tang. The nose offers cantaloupe, white peach and a welcome hint of green pepper. Tangerine and melon fruit mix on the palate, which is defined by its stony feel. The finish is ample and quite citrusy, and overall this wine features a bright, likable disposition.
90 Konrad & Conrad 2001 Sauvignon Blanc (Marlborough)
What a clean, pretty fruit-and-flowers nose this has, and the flavors don’t disappoint. Melon and citrus dominate, but it’s all ripe fruit and not the least bit lean. The tail end is lengthy and layered, if maybe a bit chalky. But all in all this wine delivers the goods with a smile.
90 Mount Riley 2001 Sauvignon Blanc (Marlborough)
Right from the start this is clean, snappy and peppery, with an added touch of butter and honey. Lemon-lime flavors get a boost from fresh green herbs and white pepper, while the finish is spot-on. At one moment it’s razor sharp and cleansing, and then it opens up to offer citrus and mineral.
90 Shepherds Ridge 2001 Sauvignon Blanc (Marlborough)
Pink grapefruit, gooseberries and a floral accent mark the attractive bouquet of this winner. Round melon, kiwi and natural spice flavors do a dance on the palate, which also features red currants and more of the grapefruit present in the nose. The finish is lengthy and amply layered, so it goes out the way it comes in—with class.
90 Villa Maria 2001 Private Bin Sauvignon Blanc (Marlborough)
Fans of New Zealand’s SBs will like this wine’s racy nose, which is packed with minerals, some stoniness, melon and a hint of grassiness. Citrus is in full force in the mouth, aided by a touch of green herbs and a white-pepper spice. The finish is elegant and offers hints of grapefruit. It’s a youthful, fresh wine; one that will go well with salads or fish.
90 Whitehaven 2001 Sauvignon Blanc (Marlborough)
Score another for this Marlborough winery. Its SB mixes healthy doses of green pepper and snap peas with requisite citrus characteristics, and then underneath the surface there are notes of peach, melon and cream. It’s a full-bodied wine, with a medium-length citrus finish and lots of texture and character. All in all it represents its homeland and the grape variety well.
89 Chancellor Estates 2000 Mt. Cass Road Sauvignon Blanc (Waipara) $15
89 Cloudy Bay 2001 Sauvignon Blanc (Marlborough) $22
89 Esk Valley 2001 Sauvignon Blanc (Hawkes Bay) $NA
89 Omaka Springs 2001 Sauvignon Blanc (Marlborough) $17
89 Pegasus Bay 2000 Sauvignon Blanc (Waipara) $19
89 Wairau River 2000 Reserve Sauvignon Blanc (Marlborough) $24
88 Brancott 2001 Reserve Sauvignon Blanc (Marlborough) $18
88 Mills Reef 2001 Reserve Sauvignon Blanc (Hawkes Bay) $15
88 Nautilus 2001 Sauvignon Blanc (Marlborough) $18
87 Lawson’s Dry Hills 2001 Sauvignon Blanc (Marlborough) $14
87 Lynskeys Wairau Peaks 2001 Sauvignon Blanc (Marlborough) $17
87 Nga Waka 2001 Sauvignon Blanc (Martinborough) $20
87 Thornbury 2001 Sauvignon Blanc (Marlborough) $17
87 Wairau River 2001 Sauvignon Blanc (Marlborough) $17
86 Huia 2001 Sauvignon Blanc (Marlborough) $16
86 Villa Maria 2001 Cellar Selection Sauvignon Blanc (Marlborough)
85 Goldwater 2001 Dog Point Sauvignon Blanc (Marlborough) $20
85 Brancott 2001 Sauvignon Blanc (Marlborough) $13
84 Lake Chalice 2001 Sauvignon Blanc (Marlborough) $15
83 Brancott 2000 Brancott Estate Sauvignon Blanc (Marlborough) $30
82 Canterbury House 2000 Sauvignon Blanc (Waipara) $14
87 Alkoomi 2001 Sauvignon Blanc (Frankland River) $17
87 Hamelin Bay 2001 Sauvignon Blanc (Margaret River) $22
87 Terra Nova 2001 The Edge Sauvignon Blanc (King Valley) $15
86 Fox Creek 2001 Sauvignon Blanc (South Australia) $15
84 Angove’s 2001 Classic Reserve Sauvignon Blanc (South Australia) $10
82 d’Arenberg 2001 The Broken Fishplate Sauvignon Blanc (Adelaide) $15
90 Benziger 2000 Estate Sauvignon Blanc (Sonoma Mountain)
White stone fruits, some smoke and toast, and ample spice makes the entrance to this wine really inviting. There’s plenty of richness to the mouth, which is jammed with lemon, lime and a balancing dryness not unlike chalk. The fade is pure and dry, offering long nuances of spicy oak and white pepper. It’s a wine that’s integrated and satisfying.
90 Guenoc 2000 Sauvignon Blanc (North Coast)
Interestingly, there are dried fruits and flowers with a touch of petrol on the bouquet. This wine sits really nicely in the mouth, offering a plethora of lemon-lime, melon and pear flavors. It’s rich and ripe, bordering on the heavy side. But it manages to toe that all-important line of balance, and therefore it qualifies as a winner.
90 Rochioli 2001 Sauvignon Blanc (Russian River Valley)
In this vintage, one of Sonoma’s top SBs scores points in all the requisite areas. A tiny bit of talc softens the tropical fruit bouquet. More exotic fruit is on the palate, highlighted by firm edges and some citrus rind. A bit of banana sweetens the long, dry finish, leaving you with the right overall impression.
89 Bernardus 2000 Sauvignon Blanc (Monterey County) $15
89 Foley 2000 Sauvignon Blanc (Santa Barbara County) $17
89 Matanzas Creek 2000 Sauvignon Blanc (Sonoma County) $22
89 Robert Mondavi 2000 Fumé Blanc (Napa Valley) $19
89 Wattle Creek 2001 Sauvignon Blanc (Mendocino) $18
88 Duckhorn 2000 Sauvignon Blanc (Napa Valley) $21
88 EOS 2000 Fumé Blanc (Paso Robles) $19
88 Frog’s Leap 2001 Sauvignon Blanc (Rutherford) $16
88 Markham 2001 Sauvignon Blanc (Napa Valley) $13
88 Robert Mondavi 2000 SLD Sauvignon Blanc (Stags Leap District)
88 Steele 1999 Fumé Blanc (Lake County) $16
88 Voss 2000 Sauvignon Blanc (Napa Valley) $18
87 Gary Farrell 2001 Redwood Ranch Sauvignon Blanc (Sonoma County) $20
87 Flora Springs 1999 Soliloquy (Napa Valley) $18
87 Iron Horse 1999 Cuvée R Sauvignon Blanc (Alexander Valley) $19
87 Ledson 2000 Sauvignon Blanc (Napa Valley) $18
87 Quivira 1999 Fig Tree Vineyard Sauvignon Blanc (Dry Creek Valley) $18
87 Spottswoode 2000 Sauvignon Blanc (Napa Valley) $25
87 Stag’s Leap Wine Cellars 2000 Rancho Chimiles Sauvignon Blanc (Napa Valley) $NA
87 Stonestreet 1999 Upper Barn Vineyard Sauvignon Blanc (Alexander Valley) $23
87 Whitehall Lane 2000 Sauvignon Blanc (Napa Valley) $15
86 Babcock 2001 Eleven Oaks Sauvignon Blanc
(Santa Barbara County)
86 Beckmen 1999 Purisima Mountain Vineyard Sauvignon Blanc (Santa Ynez Valley) $20
86 Dry Creek Vineyard 2000 DCVIII Fumé Blanc (Dry Creek Valley) $18
86 J.J. McHale 2000 Dorn Vineyard Fumé Blanc (Clear Lake) $18
86 Monte Lago 2000 Sauvignon Blanc (Clear Lake) $20
86 Murphy-Goode 1999 Fumé II-The Deuce Sauvignon Blanc (Alexander Valley) $24
86 Sebastiani 2000 Cohen Vineyard Sauvignon Blanc (Russian River Valley) $18
86 Selene 2000 Hyde Vineyards Sauvignon Blanc (Carneros) $29
86 Turnbull 2000 Sauvignon Blanc (Oakville) $14
86 Waugh Cellars 2001 Susy’s Cuvée Sauvignon Blanc (Napa Valley) $18
85 Chalk Hill 1999 Sauvignon Blanc (Chalk Hill) $29
85 Chimney Rock 2000 Fumé Blanc (Napa Valley) $18
85 Emmolo 2000 Sauvignon Blanc (Napa Valley) $16
85 Everett Ridge 2000 Powerhouse Vineyard Sauvignon Blanc (Mendocino County) $14
85 Liparita 2000 Sauvignon Blanc (Oakville) $18
85 Napa Wine Company 2001 Sauvignon Blanc (Napa Valley) $18
85 Quail Ridge 2000 Sauvignon Blanc (Napa Valley) $14
84 Chateau St. Jean 2000 La Petite Etoile Vineyard Fumé Blanc (Russian River Valley) $20
84 J. Lohr 2001 Carol’s Vineyard Sauvignon Blanc (Napa Valley) $18
84 M. Trinchero 2000 Mary’s Vineyard Sauvignon Blanc (Napa Valley) $NA
83 Grgich Hills 2000 Fumé Blanc (Napa Valley) $18
82 Dry Creek Vineyard 1999 Reserve Fumé Blanc (Dry Creek Valley) $18
82 Kahn 2000 Sauvignon Blanc (Santa Ynez Valley) $16
81 Edgewood 2000 Sauvignon Blanc (Napa Valley) $20
87 Dieu Donné 2001 Sauvignon Blanc (Franschhoek) $15
85 Moreson 2001 Sauvignon Blanc (Franschhoek) $16
88 Torres 2000 Fransola Sauvignon Blanc (Penedès) $22
89 Terlano 2000 Sauvignon (Winkl) $18
88 Foffani 2000 Sauvignon (Friuli Aquileia) $19
87 St. Michael-Eppan 2000 Sanct Valentin Sauvignon (Alto Adige) $28
83 Valchiarò 2000 Sauvignon (Colli Orientale del Friuli) $15
82 Pierpaolo Pecorari 2000 Sauvignon (Isonzo del Friuli) $15
91 Didier Dagueneau 2000 En Chailloux (Pouilly-Fumé)
Only the least of Dagueneau’s wines is under $30, but a darn fine wine it is. Smoke, green herbs, flint and lime aromas and green fern, honeysuckle and powdered quartz flavors make for a complex drink that finishes ultraclean.
90 Lucien Crochet 2000 La Croix du Roy (Sancerre)
The catch-all nose offers grass, grapefruit, flint, vanilla and baking spices. What follows is a tasty blend of citrus, green herbs, Granny Smith apples and a welcome chalkiness. Round yet structured, this bottling offers most of what’s great about Loire Valley white wine.
90 Pascal Jolivet 2000 Les Caillottes (Sancerre)
Among the range of Jolivet’s 2000 Sancerres, Les Cailottes is the winner, hands down. It’s zesty, with chalk and mineral qualities. The nose is clean, stony and pungent, while the flavors that come next are pure and ripe citrus and melon, with just a nip of honey. It closes out firm, round and full, and with elegance.
90 Pascal & Nicolas Reverdy 2000 Vielles Vignes (Sancerre)
The tight bouquet tosses off a touch of mustard seed, lemon and lees. The mouth is full and round, bordering on plump. There is pineapple and mango to the sweet-fruit finish, and it goes down easily. It’s the quintessential ready-to-drink Loire white.
87 Domaine A. Cailbourdin 2000 Les Gris (Pouilly-Fumé) $20
87 Lacheteau 2000 Sancerre $17
86 Domaine de la Chézatte 2000 Sancerre $20
86 Pascal Jolivet 2000 Pouilly-Fumé $19
86 Pascal Jolivet 2000 Sancerre $19
86 Pascal Jolivet 2000 Clos du Roy (Sancerre) $22
86 Pascal Jolivet 2000 Château du Nozay (Sancerre) $21
86 Ladoucette 2000 Pouilly-Fumé $30
85 Château de Rochemorin 2000 Vin Blanc (Pessac-Léognan) $15
85 Marc Deschamps 1999 Les Vignes de Berge (Pouilly-Fumé) $19
85 Denis Gaudry 2000 Pouilly-Fumé $17
85 Lacheteau 2000 Puilly-Fumé $17
85 Les Rochettes 2001 Sancerre $16
83 Sauvion 2001 Sancerre $15
82 Domaine Champeau 1999 Pouilly-Fumé $19



Lutèce’s Loire-raised chef, David Fèau, has such enthusiasm for the variety that he created a six-course organic vegetarian dinner, (available now until September) that’s paired with Sancerres and Pouilly-Fumés. Even New Zealanders Elworthy and Geris extol the wine as food-friendly: Elworthy loves the wine with green-lipped mussels, baked in their half shells and covered with a spicy, tomato-based salsa; Geris declares rich, freshly caught salmon the best match with his wines.

“I’ve definitely seen a growing demand for Sauvignon Blanc this year,” says Danielle Nally, wine director at New York’s Lespinasse. “People who don’t normally like white wines seem to be enjoying them, so they are great for large parties. And the price point makes them accessible to everyone.” MKF’s studies on current Sauvignon Blanc prices reflect their relative bargain status, particularly when compared to Chardonnay: The median price range for California Sauvignon Blancs is $11-15; that of California Chardonnay is $20-31.

Should we brace ourselves for the day that ultrapremium, limited-production $100 Sauvignon Blancs start hitting the shelves? Isn’t that the natural progression for a variety that is all the rage when it’s popularly priced? Next-big-thing watchers aren’t holding their breath.


Great drink-me-now whites that even an Andrew Jackson can buy
Montes 2001 Reserve Fumé Blanc
(Curico); $10.
Malan 2001 Family
Vintners Sauvignon Blanc (Stellenbosch); $8.
Caterina 2000
Sauvignon Blanc
(Columbia Valley); $10.
Geyser Peak 2001
Sauvignon Blanc (Sonoma County); $10.
Hogue 2001
Fumé Blanc (Columbia
Valley); $10.
MontGras 2001
Sauvignon Blanc
(Colchagua); $6.
*These wines have been
previously reviewed, and were
not reviewed by a full tasting panel. For more bargain
Sauvignon Blancs, visit www.

Sauvignon Blanc Confab Debuts
Didier Dazzles in Lake County

Lake County, California, became the Sauvignon Blanc capital of the world for two days in May during the first International Sauvignon Blanc Symposium. Scores of California winemakers attended, as did a contingent from New Zealand and France.
Why Sauvignon Blanc? Because it’s just about the only varietal left that doesn’t have its own festival. “We’re filling a gap,” says David Weiss, chairman of Lake County’s winegrape commission.

Why Lake County? Because it grows a lot of Sauvignon Blanc and the county is looking for a boost in the public and industrial eye.

There was plenty of buzz. With California Sauvignon Blanc sales growing at 5 percent a year—your mutual fund should do so good—interest in the wine has never been higher. And with the price of Sauvignon Blanc grapes expected to equal that of Chardonnay next year, the varietal has gone from dog to diva.

Right: Didier Dagueneau

Published on August 1, 2002

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