Continue to raise that glass (in moderation, of course) if you want to maximize the health benefits of wine. Recent studies claim a variety of benefits can be linked to low or moderate alcohol consumption, approximately two drinks or less per day. Here are the top five takeaways.\r\nLow levels of alcohol can decrease inflammation and help the brain clear away toxins\r\nPublished in the February 2018 issue of the journal Scientific Reports, a study conducted by the University of Rochester Medical Center demonstrated that mice exposed to low levels of alcohol showed less inflammation in the brain and a more efficient glymphatic system, which serves as the brain\u2019s waste clearance system. The research may be promising for scientists that study age-related ailments like Alzheimer\u2019s and dementia.\r\n\r\n\u201cConsumption of alcohol has a \u2018J\u2019 shape curve on health,\u201d says Dr. Maiken Nedergaard of the University of Rochester Medical Center and lead author of the study. \u201cSmall consumption is beneficial when looking at large populations, whereas high is not.\u201d\r\nAntioxidant compounds found in red wine are advancing heart disease treatments\r\nHeart disease is the leading cause of death in the U.S., but hope may be found in your favorite Pinot. Or more specifically, in two antioxidant compounds prevalent in red wine: resveratrol and quercetin.\r\n\r\n\u201cMy colleagues and I have developed a stent, or a small mesh tube that supports a blood vessel, which releases red wine antioxidants slowly over time to promote healing and to prevent future blood clotting and inflammation,\u201d says Dr. Tammy Dugas, a professor in the Department of Comparative Biomedical Sciences at Louisiana State University.\r\n\r\nShe and other researchers are also developing a balloon,\u00a0which a surgeon can insert and inflate in a blocked or narrow artery to widen it and allow blood to flow through to the heart, coated with these compounds to treat peripheral artery disease, which can limit blood flow to major organs.\r\nModerate drinking may lead to a longer life\r\nDon\u2019t discourage grandma from reaching for the vino. Research presented at the American Association for the Advancement of Science\u2019s annual meeting in February 2018 found that moderate drinking could be linked to longer life.\r\n\r\nThe 90+ study, based at the University of California-Irvine\u2019s Institute for Memory Impairments and Neurological Disorders, is a long-term examination of the health of individuals aged 90 and beyond. According to research, which includes a 2007 paper published by Drs. Annlia Paganini-Hill, Claudia Kawas and Mar\u00eda M. Corrada, data suggests that consumption of approximately two glasses of alcohol a day was linked to a 15%\u00a0 reduction in the risk of early death.\r\n\r\n\r\nRed wine lovers may enjoy a slight decrease in prostate cancer risk\r\nProstate cancer is the most diagnosed cancer in American men, but moderate consumption of red wine may be related to a 12% decrease in the risk to develop the disease.\r\n\r\nIn late 2017, a multinational research team conducted a meta-analysis of 83 previously published articles and 17 studies that met specific criteria for the project. The results, published in an April 2018 issue of Clinical Epidemiology, found that not all wine is created equal: White wine drinkers faced a slight increase in prostate cancer risk.\r\nDrinking wine may improve oral health\r\nDoes a gargle of Garganega count as proper dental hygiene? Not yet, though a study that appeared in the Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry in February 2018 implies a link between oral health and wine.\r\n\r\nSpanish researchers found that antioxidants present in red wine prevented plaque-causing bacteria to adhere to gum tissue. That result was enhanced when the antioxidants were combined with the oral probiotic Streptococcus dentisani.\r\n\r\nHowever, the benefits aren\u2019t tied to wine alone. The polyphenols identified (caffeic and p-coumaric acid), are also present in other foods like coffee and plums, respectively. Sadly, to enjoy a bottle of red doesn\u2019t equal a healthy mouth. Researchers say that the chemicals analyzed in the study were far higher in concentration than those present in wine.