Grüner Veltliner is a white grape best known in Austria, and, to a lesser extent, throughout eastern Europe. The name “Grüner Veltliner” (“grooh-ner VELT-leehn-er”) can be difficult to pronounce, so it is sometimes colloquially referred to as “Grüner”.
The Grüner Veltliner grape is versatile and can produce a wide array of wines, from light and quaffable to rich and concentrated. The best dry Grüner Veltliners are perfumed, bone dry and full bodied, with high acidity and distinctive notes of spice and white pepper. It tends to offer citrus fruit flavors of lemon, lime and grapefruit. The best sweet wines produced from Grüner Veltliner showcase pronounced aromas of baking spice and stone fruit, with ripe fruit flavors and a rich, full mouthfeel that are balanced by ample acidity.
In the vineyard, Grüner Veltliner ripens too late for most of northern Europe, faring considerably better in eastern countries. Grüner Veltliner is susceptible to downy and powdery mildew. It can be highly productive, with large yields of small berries. Higher yields produce lesser quality wines of little varietal character, so top producers tightly control yields. Those wines produced using restricted yield are full bodied and rich, capable of long bottle ageing.
As Austria’s most widely planted grape variety, Grüner Veltliner is unsurprisingly found throughout the country. It is at its best in regions like Kamptal, Kremstal, Vienna, Wachau, Wagram and Weinviertel, and high-quality wines from the Wachau can be classified using the regional’s unique classification system—Steinfeder, Federspiel and Smaragd. Top producers here tend to make Grüner Veltliner wines in a rich, full-bodied style.
Austrian Grüner Veltliner may be used as the base wine for sparkling Sekt wines, while simple and youthful examples are customarily served by the glass at the traditional Austrian tavern, or Heuriger.
Beyond Austria, Grüner Veltliner is produced in the Czech Republic, Hungary, Italy and Germany. In the Czech Republic, the grape is known as either Veltlin or Veltínskè Zelené. Sprinkled throughout Hungary, Grüner Veltliner is known as Zöld Veltlini. It is grown in Slovakia as Veltlinske Zelené, and in Slovenia as Zeleni Vetlinac. Some plantings can also be found in the Rheinhessen region of Germany, and Alto Adige in Italy, where it is referred to as Veltliner.
Grüner Veltliner is also grown on a small scale in regions throughout North America. In the U.S., it can be found in various states such as California, Oregon, Maryland, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Virginia and Washington. Plantings of Grüner Veltliner in Canada are concentrated in British Columbia.
Elsewhere in the New World, Grüner Veltliner can be found in Australia—notably in the Adelaide Hills—and in New Zealand’s Gisborne, Marlborough and Central Otago regions.
Grüner Veltliner has many synonyms other than those already mentioned, including Gruner Veltliner, Grüner Weltliner, Grauer Veltliner and Veltliner Gruner. This wine should not be confused with either Roter Veltliner or Frühoter Veltliner, two unrelated Austrian grape varieties.
To browse top-rated Grüner Veltliner wines reviewed by our expert staff, use Wine Enthusiast’s digital database below!
Failla 2018 Chehalem Mountain Vineyard Grüner Veltliner (Chehalem Mountains)Willamette ValleyYou'll find much more body weight here than in most European versions ...See Full Review$25
Maryhill 2019 Proprietor's Reserve Bloxom Vineyard Grüner Veltliner (Columbia Valley (WA))Columbia ValleyAromas of pear, citrus and pea pod are followed by dry, medium-bodied ...See Full Review$24
2Plank 2017 Grüner Veltliner (Los Olivos District)Central CoastIntriguing aromas of peach meet with toasty woody, dried lemons and chiseled ...See Full Review$25
Zinke 2019 Morro View Vineyard Grüner Veltliner (Edna Valley)Central CoastLime, lemon and dried apple aromas meet with an earthy funk on ...See Full Review$26
Abbazia di Novacella 2018 Praepositus Grüner Veltliner (Alto Adige Valle Isarco)Northeastern ItalyEnticing scents of apple, citrus, Alpine herb and white spring flower lead ...Editors’ ChoiceSee Full Review$30
Hermann Moser 2019 Ried Gebling Fortissimo Grüner Veltliner (Kremstal)AustriaThe toasty, rounded richness of oak plays on the nose and, for ...See Full Review$22
Stasis 2018 Bee Sweet Vineyard Grüner Veltliner (Edna Valley)Central CoastLime-blossom, green-melon, peach and wet cement aromas make for a ripe yet ...Editors’ ChoiceSee Full Review$37
Abbazia di Novacella 2019 Grüner Veltliner (Alto Adige Valle Isarco)Northeastern ItalySpring-blossom, apricot and exotic-fruit aromas are front and center. On the delicious ...See Full ReviewN/A
Schödl 2019 Blumenthal Grüner Veltliner (Niederösterreich)AustriaVivid pear aromas define the nose. There is the grippy element of ...See Full Review$20
Schlosskellerei Gobelsburg 2019 Grüner Veltliner (Kamptal)AustriaMoss, crushed sage and yarrow play alongside green pear on this fresh, ...See Full Review$14
H.&C. Nittnaus 2019 Selection Grüner Veltliner (Burgenland)AustriaThe nose presents an intriguing but appetizing alignment of green pear peel, ...See Full Review$17
Hermann Moser 2019 Karmeliterberg Grüner Veltliner (Kremstal)AustriaYeast notes and yellow- and green-pear aromas play on the nose alongside ...See Full Review$16
Domäne Wachau 2019 Federspiel Terrassen Grüner Veltliner (Wachau)AustriaThe nose speaks subtly of green pear, lemon zest and peppery green ...See Full Review$18
Hermann Moser 2019 Ried Gebling Grüner Veltliner (Kremstal)AustriaNotions of ripe, juicy yellow pear have an overtones of pear drop. ...See Full Review$20
Artner 2019 Klassik Grüner Veltliner (Carnuntum)AustriaGreen-pear-peel notions make for an inviting, fresh nose. The palate comes in ...Best BuySee Full Review$13
Bründlmayer 2019 Terrassen Grüner Veltliner (Kamptal)AustriaYeast and a subtle note of sage are timid on the nose. ...See Full Review$22
Nigl 2019 Freiheit Grüner Veltliner (Niederösterreich)AustriaFresh notes of green Conference pears mix with a vivid overtone of ...See Full Review$20
R&A Pfaffl 2019 Haid Grüner Veltliner (Weinviertel)AustriaA nose of yeast and pear notions segues into a textured palate ...See Full Review$20
Weixelbaum 2019 Stephanus Grüner Veltliner (Niederösterreich)AustriaGreen pear, fresh yeast, crushed sage and a subtle note of moss ...Best BuySee Full Review$14
Salomon-Undhof 2019 Franciscus Grüner Veltliner (Niederösterreich)AustriaFresh yeast and bright notes of green pear spell both youthfulness and ...See Full Review$19
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