Grüner Veltliner is a white grape best known in Austria, and, to a lesser extent, throughout eastern Europe. The name Grüner Veltliner (“grooh-ner VELT-leehn-er”) can be difficult to pronounce, so it is sometimes colloquially referred to as Grüner.
The Grüner Veltliner grape is versatile and can produce a wide array of wines, from light and quaffable to rich and concentrated. The best dry Grüner Veltliners are perfumed, bone dry and full bodied, with high acidity and distinctive notes of spice and white pepper. It tends to offer citrus fruit flavors of lemon, lime and grapefruit. The best sweet wines produced from Grüner Veltliner showcase pronounced aromas of baking spice and stone fruit, with ripe fruit flavors and a rich, full mouthfeel that are balanced by ample acidity.
In the vineyard, Grüner Veltliner ripens too late for most of northern Europe, faring considerably better in eastern countries. Grüner Veltliner is susceptible to downy and powdery mildew. It can be highly productive, with large yields of small berries. Higher yields produce lesser quality wines of little varietal character, so top producers tightly control yields. Those wines produced using restricted yield are full bodied and rich, capable of long bottle ageing.
As Austria’s most widely planted grape variety, Grüner Veltliner is unsurprisingly found throughout the country. It is at its best in regions like Kamptal, Kremstal, Vienna, Wachau, Wagram and Weinviertel, and high-quality wines from the Wachau can be classified using the regional’s unique classification system—Steinfeder, Federspiel and Smaragd. Top producers here tend to make Grüner Veltliner wines in a rich, full-bodied style.
Austrian Grüner Veltliner may be used as the base wine for sparkling Sekt wines, while simple and youthful examples are customarily served by the glass at the traditional Austrian tavern, or Heuriger.
Beyond Austria, Grüner Veltliner is produced in the Czech Republic, Hungary, Italy and Germany. In the Czech Republic, the grape is known as either Veltlin or Veltínskè Zelené. Sprinkled throughout Hungary, Grüner Veltliner is known as Zöld Veltlini. It is grown in Slovakia as Veltlinske Zelené, and in Slovenia as Zeleni Vetlinac. Some plantings can also be found in the Rheinhessen region of Germany, and Alto Adige in Italy, where it is referred to as Veltliner.
Grüner Veltliner is also grown on a small scale in regions throughout North America. In the U.S., it can be found in various states such as California, Oregon, Maryland, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Virginia and Washington. Plantings of Grüner Veltliner in Canada are concentrated in British Columbia.
Elsewhere in the New World, Grüner Veltliner can be found in Australia—notably in the Adelaide Hills—and in New Zealand’s Gisborne, Marlborough and Central Otago regions.
Synonyms: Bielospicak, Cima Biancam, Dreimänner, Feherhegyü, Feldlinger, Grauer Veltliner, Green Veltliner, Grün Muskateller, Grüne Manhardsrebe, Grüner, Grüner Muskateler, Grüner Muskateller, Grüner Velteliner, Grüner Weissgipfler, Grüner Weltliner, Grünmuskateller, Gruner Veltliner, Manhardsrebe, Manhardtraube, Manhartsrebe, Mauhardsrebe, Mouhardrebe, Mouhardsrebe, Muskatel, Muskatel Zeleny, Nemes Veltelini, Plinia Austriaca, Ranfol bianco, Ranfol Bijeli, Ranfol Weisser, Rdeci Veltinec, Reifler Weiss, Ryvola Bila, Tarant Bily, Valtelin blanc, Valtelina vert, Valteliner, Valteliner blanc, Valteliner vert, Velteliner Grüner, Velteliner vert, Velteliner Weisser, Veltelini Zöld, Veltlin Zeleny, Veltlinac Zeleni, Veltlinec, Veltliner, Veltliner Blanc, Veltliner Grau, Veltliner Grun, Veltliner Gruner, Veltliner Grün, Veltliner verde, Veltlini, Veltlinske Zelené, Veltlínské Zelené, Veltlinski Zelenii, Veltlinsky Vert, Veltlinsky Zeleny, Vetlinac, Vetlinac Zeleni, Weisser Raifler, Weisser Reifler, Weisser Valteliner, Weisser Velteliner, Weisser Veltliner, Weissgipfler, Weissgipfler Grüner, Yesil Veltliner, Zeleni Vetlinac, Zeleny Muskatel, Zleni Veltinac, Zöld Muskotally, Zöld Muskotalynak, Zöld Veltelini, Zöld Velteliny, Zöldveltelini, Zold Veltelini
Prager 2021 Ried Achleiten Stockkultur Smaragd Grüner Veltliner (Wachau)AustriaWhat a classic expression of Grüner Veltliner from the Wachau! This shows ...Cellar SelectionSee Full Review$95
Johannes Zillinger 2019 Numen Grüner Veltliner (Niederösterreich)AustriaRich yellow and slightly cloudy in appearance, this white features a generous ...See Full Review$55
Prager 2021 Ried Zwerithaler Kammergut Smaragd Grüner Veltliner (Wachau)AustriaThis blockbuster Grüner is rich and expressive, yet incredibly vivacious and graceful. ...Editors’ ChoiceSee Full Review$140
Prager 2021 Wachstum Bodenstein Smaragd Grüner Veltliner (Wachau)AustriaThis is a bit reserved today, but it is just waiting to ...See Full Review$95
Prager 2021 Ried Achleiten Smaragd Grüner Veltliner (Wachau)AustriaThis wine is intense, with loads of white pepper and spice upfront, ...See Full Review$85
Johannes Zillinger 2021 JZ Velue 2.0 Grüner Veltliner (Niederösterreich)AustriaThere is a sense of vivacity and originality to this Grüner that ...See Full Review$25
Prager 2021 Ried Hinter Der Berg Federspiel Grüner Veltliner (Wachau)AustriaThis shows a charming mix of orchard blossom, blood orange, spice and ...See Full Review$42
Domäne Wachau 2021 Ried Kellerberg Smaragd Grüner Veltliner (Wachau)AustriaThis Smaragd is fresh in style, with plenty of spice, green apple ...See Full Review$50
Schödl 2021 Löss und Lehm Grüner Veltliner (Niederösterreich)AustriaSpice and lemon notes introduce this white, giving way to the core ...See Full Review$23
Esterházy 2021 Klimt Grüner Veltliner (Burgenland)AustriaAromatic and floral upfront, this white is attractive and refreshing with a ...Best BuySee Full Review$16
Nastl 2021 Klassik Grüner Veltliner (Niederösterreich)AustriaClassic notes of Grüner, with white pepper and lemon oil taking the ...Best BuySee Full Review$15
Tatomer 2020 Meeresboden Grüner Veltliner (Santa Barbara County)Central CoastThere's a steely line of minerality that slices through the nose of ...See Full Review$28
Tatomer 2020 Grüner Veltliner (Santa Barbara County)Central CoastThere's a distinctive earthiness that shows across the entire experience of this ...See Full Review$22
Chris James 2021 Grüner Veltliner (Willamette Valley)Willamette ValleyThe wine's aromas of guava, lime juice and star fruit are a ...See Full Review$30
Reustle 2021 Green Lizard Prayer Rock Vineyards Grüner Veltliner (Umpqua Valley)Southern OregonThis wine made my knees weak. Its aromatic combination of key lime, ...Editors’ ChoiceSee Full Review$36
Tatomer 2020 John Sebastiano Vineyard Grüner Veltliner (Sta. Rita Hills)Central CoastPrecise, crystalline aromas of Meyer lemon, lime peel, white flower and Asian ...See Full Review$35
Tatomer 2020 Paragon Grüner Veltliner (Edna Valley)Central CoastThere's pleasant seashore funkiness to the nose of this bottling, along with ...See Full Review$30
Franchere 2021 Cascadia Red (Willamette Valley)Willamette ValleyThis co-fermented blend of 88% Pinot Noir, 8% Grüner Veltliner and 4% ...See Full Review$22
Tatomer 2021 Hinter der Mauer White (Central Coast)Central CoastThis affordably priced blend of 80% Grüner Veltliner and 20% Riesling makes ...Best BuySee Full Review$16
Franchere 2021 Acadia Vineyards Grüner Veltliner (Columbia Gorge (WA))Washington OtherThis spicy white is made with organically farmed fruit grown at an ...See Full Review$22
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