Grüner Veltliner is a white grape best known in Austria, and, to a lesser extent, throughout eastern Europe. The name “Grüner Veltliner” (“grooh-ner VELT-leehn-er”) can be difficult to pronounce, so it is sometimes colloquially referred to as “Grüner”.
The Grüner Veltliner grape is versatile and can produce a wide array of wines, from light and quaffable to rich and concentrated. The best dry Grüner Veltliners are perfumed, bone dry and full bodied, with high acidity and distinctive notes of spice and white pepper. It tends to offer citrus fruit flavors of lemon, lime and grapefruit. The best sweet wines produced from Grüner Veltliner showcase pronounced aromas of baking spice and stone fruit, with ripe fruit flavors and a rich, full mouthfeel that are balanced by ample acidity.
In the vineyard, Grüner Veltliner ripens too late for most of northern Europe, faring considerably better in eastern countries. Grüner Veltliner is susceptible to downy and powdery mildew. It can be highly productive, with large yields of small berries. Higher yields produce lesser quality wines of little varietal character, so top producers tightly control yields. Those wines produced using restricted yield are full bodied and rich, capable of long bottle ageing.
As Austria’s most widely planted grape variety, Grüner Veltliner is unsurprisingly found throughout the country. It is at its best in regions like Kamptal, Kremstal, Vienna, Wachau, Wagram and Weinviertel, and high-quality wines from the Wachau can be classified using the regional’s unique classification system—Steinfeder, Federspiel and Smaragd. Top producers here tend to make Grüner Veltliner wines in a rich, full-bodied style.
Austrian Grüner Veltliner may be used as the base wine for sparkling Sekt wines, while simple and youthful examples are customarily served by the glass at the traditional Austrian tavern, or Heuriger.
Beyond Austria, Grüner Veltliner is produced in the Czech Republic, Hungary, Italy and Germany. In the Czech Republic, the grape is known as either Veltlin or Veltínskè Zelené. Sprinkled throughout Hungary, Grüner Veltliner is known as Zöld Veltlini. It is grown in Slovakia as Veltlinske Zelené, and in Slovenia as Zeleni Vetlinac. Some plantings can also be found in the Rheinhessen region of Germany, and Alto Adige in Italy, where it is referred to as Veltliner.
Grüner Veltliner is also grown on a small scale in regions throughout North America. In the U.S., it can be found in various states such as California, Oregon, Maryland, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Virginia and Washington. Plantings of Grüner Veltliner in Canada are concentrated in British Columbia.
Elsewhere in the New World, Grüner Veltliner can be found in Australia—notably in the Adelaide Hills—and in New Zealand’s Gisborne, Marlborough and Central Otago regions.
Grüner Veltliner has many synonyms other than those already mentioned, including Gruner Veltliner, Grüner Weltliner, Grauer Veltliner and Veltliner Gruner. This wine should not be confused with either Roter Veltliner or Frühoter Veltliner, two unrelated Austrian grape varieties.
To browse top-rated Grüner Veltliner wines reviewed by our expert staff, use Wine Enthusiast’s digital database below!
Solminer 2018 Spear Vineyard Grüner Veltliner (Sta. Rita Hills)Central CoastIntriguing aromas of Meyer lemon rind, Marcona almond, lily and daffodil make ...Editors’ ChoiceSee Full Review$34
W.T. Vintners 2018 Underwood Mountain Vineyard Grüner Veltliner (Columbia Gorge (WA))Washington OtherThis is the first vintage where half the fruit was macerated for ...Editors’ ChoiceSee Full Review$22
Solminer 2017 Curarse La Cruda Skin Fermented DeLanda Vineyard Grüner Veltliner (Los Olivos District)Central CoastSkin-contact wines are an acquired taste, and this version falls right in ...See Full Review$34
Syncline 2018 Bloxom Vineyard Grüner Veltliner (Columbia Valley (WA))Columbia ValleyAromas of lemon, mineral and seashell lead to flavors that paint around ...See Full Review$25
Pét Project 2018 Soluna Vineyard Pétillant Naturel Grüner Veltliner (Columbia Gorge (WA))Washington OtherAromas of lime leaf, green apple, citrus and herb are at the ...See Full Review$26
RR 2018 Ridgecrest Grüner Veltliner (Ribbon Ridge)Willamette ValleyAromatic with pepper, ginger and honey, it dives into a rich palate ...See Full Review$24
Raptor Ridge 2018 Tuscowallame Estate Grüner Veltliner (Chehalem Mountains)Willamette ValleyThough the fruit flavors feel more generic than characteristic, there is a ...See Full Review$20
Sineann 2018 Pear Blossom Vineyard Grüner Veltliner (Columbia Gorge (WA))Washington OtherLemon zest, cut green apple skin and green lentil aromas are out ...See Full Review$20
Flume 2016 Grüner Veltliner (Columbia Gorge (WA))Washington OtherGreen apple, diesel and herb aromas are followed by fruit flavors that ...See Full Review$21
Kramer 2017 Grüner Veltliner (Yamhill-Carlton)Willamette ValleyThis is so thin as to be watery, as if the grapes ...See Full Review$22
Jurtschitsch 2017 Ried Loiserberg Grüner Veltliner (Kamptal)AustriaGrilled cardoon and crushed thistle amid bright lemon zest on the nose ...See Full Review$33
Weixelbaum 2017 Wahre Werte Gaisberg Reserve Grüner Veltliner (Kamptal)AustriaCrushed yarrow and creamy, salty yeast on the nose lead to a ...See Full Review$28
Eder 2017 Süssenberg Smaragd Grüner Veltliner (Wachau)AustriaA hint of golden sultana plays alongside notes of dandelion blossom on ...See Full Review$34
Geyerhof 2017 Ried Gaisberg Grüner Veltliner (Kremstal)AustriaButtery roundness on the nose is reminiscent of baked crumble, in this ...See Full Review$45
Geyerhof 2017 Ried Steinleithn Grüner Veltliner (Kremstal)AustriaA buttery note of ripe Mirabelle plum on the nose suggests richness. ...See Full Review$45
Tegernseerhof 2018 Ried Superin Grüner Veltliner (Wachau)AustriaA yeasty, earthy touch informs the ripe Mirabelle plum fruit on the ...See Full Review$24
Weszeli 2018 Steingarten Grüner Veltliner (Kamptal)AustriaA touch of smoky reduction blows off quickly to reveal ripe pear ...See Full Review$25
Wieninger 2018 Wiener Grüner Veltliner (Vienna)AustriaPear peel, dried lime peel and wet pebble on the nose lead ...See Full Review$19
Proidl 2018 Hausberg Grüner Veltliner (Kremstal)AustriaThe nose is shy and just allows a glimpse of russet pear ...See Full Review$28
Rabl 2018 Spiegel Grüner Veltliner (Kamptal)AustriaGentle notes of ripe, yellow pear on the nose have the slightest ...See Full ReviewN/A
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