Grüner Veltliner is a white grape best known in Austria, and, to a lesser extent, throughout eastern Europe. The name “Grüner Veltliner” (“grooh-ner VELT-leehn-er”) can be difficult to pronounce, so it is sometimes colloquially referred to as “Grüner”.
The Grüner Veltliner grape is versatile and can produce a wide array of wines, from light and quaffable to rich and concentrated. The best dry Grüner Veltliners are perfumed, bone dry and full bodied, with high acidity and distinctive notes of spice and white pepper. It tends to offer citrus fruit flavors of lemon, lime and grapefruit. The best sweet wines produced from Grüner Veltliner showcase pronounced aromas of baking spice and stone fruit, with ripe fruit flavors and a rich, full mouthfeel that are balanced by ample acidity.
In the vineyard, Grüner Veltliner ripens too late for most of northern Europe, faring considerably better in eastern countries. Grüner Veltliner is susceptible to downy and powdery mildew. It can be highly productive, with large yields of small berries. Higher yields produce lesser quality wines of little varietal character, so top producers tightly control yields. Those wines produced using restricted yield are full bodied and rich, capable of long bottle ageing.
As Austria’s most widely planted grape variety, Grüner Veltliner is unsurprisingly found throughout the country. It is at its best in regions like Kamptal, Kremstal, Vienna, Wachau, Wagram and Weinviertel, and high-quality wines from the Wachau can be classified using the regional’s unique classification system—Steinfeder, Federspiel and Smaragd. Top producers here tend to make Grüner Veltliner wines in a rich, full-bodied style.
Austrian Grüner Veltliner may be used as the base wine for sparkling Sekt wines, while simple and youthful examples are customarily served by the glass at the traditional Austrian tavern, or Heuriger.
Beyond Austria, Grüner Veltliner is produced in the Czech Republic, Hungary, Italy and Germany. In the Czech Republic, the grape is known as either Veltlin or Veltínskè Zelené. Sprinkled throughout Hungary, Grüner Veltliner is known as Zöld Veltlini. It is grown in Slovakia as Veltlinske Zelené, and in Slovenia as Zeleni Vetlinac. Some plantings can also be found in the Rheinhessen region of Germany, and Alto Adige in Italy, where it is referred to as Veltliner.
Grüner Veltliner is also grown on a small scale in regions throughout North America. In the U.S., it can be found in various states such as California, Oregon, Maryland, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Virginia and Washington. Plantings of Grüner Veltliner in Canada are concentrated in British Columbia.
Elsewhere in the New World, Grüner Veltliner can be found in Australia—notably in the Adelaide Hills—and in New Zealand’s Gisborne, Marlborough and Central Otago regions.
Grüner Veltliner has many synonyms other than those already mentioned, including Gruner Veltliner, Grüner Weltliner, Grauer Veltliner and Veltliner Gruner. This wine should not be confused with either Roter Veltliner or Frühoter Veltliner, two unrelated Austrian grape varieties.
To browse top-rated Grüner Veltliner wines reviewed by our expert staff, use Wine Enthusiast’s digital database below!
Abbazia di Novacella 2017 Praepositus Grüner Veltliner (Alto Adige Valle Isarco)Northeastern ItalyLoaded with finesse and tension, this mineral-driven white opens with aromas of ...Cellar SelectionSee Full Review$30
Abbazia di Novacella 2018 Grüner Veltliner (Alto Adige)Northeastern ItalyThis fresh fragrant white has aromas of green apple, citrus and a ...Editors’ ChoiceSee Full Review$20
Darcie Kent Vineyards 2018 Rava Blackjack Vineyard Grüner Veltliner (Monterey)Central CoastBright aromas of honeydew, orange blossom and lime balm lean toward the ...See Full Review$30
Failla 2017 Chehalem Mountain Vineyard Grüner Veltliner (Chehalem Mountains)Willamette ValleyThough planted sparingly in southern Oregon, GV is a rarity up north. ...See Full Review$22
Ebner-Ebenauer 2017 Bürsting Grüner Veltliner (Niederösterreich)AustriaThe nose is subtle and still a little closed but air slowly ...See Full ReviewN/A
Ebner-Ebenauer 2016 Black Edition Grüner Veltliner (Niederösterreich)AustriaSomething heady, something fresh, something green and something vigorous rises from the ...See Full ReviewN/A
Ebner-Ebenauer 2017 Alte Reben Grüner Veltliner (Niederösterreich)AustriaWhite pepper, fern and salty air on the nose are subtle but ...See Full ReviewN/A
Ebner-Ebenauer 2017 Hermanschachern Grüner Veltliner (Niederösterreich)AustriaA very subtle nose gives little away. It is on the palate ...See Full ReviewN/A
Ebner-Ebenauer 2017 Sauberg Grüner Veltliner (Niederösterreich)AustriaSomething inherently juicy entices on the nose. Ripe mirabelle plum beckons from ...See Full ReviewN/A
Rabl 2017 Ried Käferberg Alte Reben Reserve Grüner Veltliner (Kamptal)AustriaEarth, dandelion blossom and savory yeast combine on the nose to promise ...See Full ReviewN/A
Allram 2018 Strass Grüner Veltliner (Kamptal)AustriaA touch of flint mixes in with the russet pear notes on ...See Full Review$15
Jurtschitsch 2018 Stein Grüner Veltliner (Kamptal)AustriaJuicy pear and ripe mirabelle plum meet on the nose, alongside dried ...See Full Review$20
Ebner-Ebenauer 2017 Grüner Veltliner (Weinviertel)AustriaIt's not for nothing that the local name for Grüner is Pfefferl, ...See Full ReviewN/A
Fischer 2018 Rossatz Federspiel Grüner Veltliner (Wachau)AustriaNotes of fern fronds, aromatic ripe pear and cream make for a ...See Full Review$18
Hager Matthias 2018 Mollands Grüner Veltliner (Niederösterreich)AustriaPeppery yeast and salty hay flower make for a most enticing nose. ...See Full Review$20
Jules Taylor 2017 Grüner Veltliner (Marlborough)New ZealandThis is a fruity, likable wine, with fragrances of honey-flecked pear, peach, ...Editors’ ChoiceSee Full Review$18
Buchegger 2018 Holzgasse Grüner Veltliner (Niederösterreich)AustriaA touch of green-pear peel is all the nose gives away. The ...See Full Review$12
Nigl 2018 Piri Grüner Veltliner (Kremstal)AustriaRipe pear, salty yeast and hay flowers combine to create a very ...See Full ReviewN/A
Gruber Röschitz 2018 Grüner Veltliner (Weinviertel)AustriaBoth creamy and fresh elements inform the nose. There is dried yarrow ...See Full ReviewN/A
Jäger 2018 Selection Grüner Veltliner (Wachau)AustriaMossy freshness, russet pear peel and hints of yeast combine on the ...See Full Review$30
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