Grüner Veltliner is a white grape best known in Austria, and, to a lesser extent, throughout eastern Europe. The name Grüner Veltliner (“grooh-ner VELT-leehn-er”) can be difficult to pronounce, so it is sometimes colloquially referred to as Grüner.
The Grüner Veltliner grape is versatile and can produce a wide array of wines, from light and quaffable to rich and concentrated. The best dry Grüner Veltliners are perfumed, bone dry and full bodied, with high acidity and distinctive notes of spice and white pepper. It tends to offer citrus fruit flavors of lemon, lime and grapefruit. The best sweet wines produced from Grüner Veltliner showcase pronounced aromas of baking spice and stone fruit, with ripe fruit flavors and a rich, full mouthfeel that are balanced by ample acidity.
In the vineyard, Grüner Veltliner ripens too late for most of northern Europe, faring considerably better in eastern countries. Grüner Veltliner is susceptible to downy and powdery mildew. It can be highly productive, with large yields of small berries. Higher yields produce lesser quality wines of little varietal character, so top producers tightly control yields. Those wines produced using restricted yield are full bodied and rich, capable of long bottle ageing.
As Austria’s most widely planted grape variety, Grüner Veltliner is unsurprisingly found throughout the country. It is at its best in regions like Kamptal, Kremstal, Vienna, Wachau, Wagram and Weinviertel, and high-quality wines from the Wachau can be classified using the regional’s unique classification system—Steinfeder, Federspiel and Smaragd. Top producers here tend to make Grüner Veltliner wines in a rich, full-bodied style.
Austrian Grüner Veltliner may be used as the base wine for sparkling Sekt wines, while simple and youthful examples are customarily served by the glass at the traditional Austrian tavern, or Heuriger.
Beyond Austria, Grüner Veltliner is produced in the Czech Republic, Hungary, Italy and Germany. In the Czech Republic, the grape is known as either Veltlin or Veltínskè Zelené. Sprinkled throughout Hungary, Grüner Veltliner is known as Zöld Veltlini. It is grown in Slovakia as Veltlinske Zelené, and in Slovenia as Zeleni Vetlinac. Some plantings can also be found in the Rheinhessen region of Germany, and Alto Adige in Italy, where it is referred to as Veltliner.
Grüner Veltliner is also grown on a small scale in regions throughout North America. In the U.S., it can be found in various states such as California, Oregon, Maryland, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Virginia and Washington. Plantings of Grüner Veltliner in Canada are concentrated in British Columbia.
Elsewhere in the New World, Grüner Veltliner can be found in Australia—notably in the Adelaide Hills—and in New Zealand’s Gisborne, Marlborough and Central Otago regions.
Synonyms: Bielospicak, Cima Biancam, Dreimänner, Feherhegyü, Feldlinger, Grauer Veltliner, Green Veltliner, Grün Muskateller, Grüne Manhardsrebe, Grüner, Grüner Muskateler, Grüner Muskateller, Grüner Velteliner, Grüner Weissgipfler, Grüner Weltliner, Grünmuskateller, Gruner Veltliner, Manhardsrebe, Manhardtraube, Manhartsrebe, Mauhardsrebe, Mouhardrebe, Mouhardsrebe, Muskatel, Muskatel Zeleny, Nemes Veltelini, Plinia Austriaca, Ranfol bianco, Ranfol Bijeli, Ranfol Weisser, Rdeci Veltinec, Reifler Weiss, Ryvola Bila, Tarant Bily, Valtelin blanc, Valtelina vert, Valteliner, Valteliner blanc, Valteliner vert, Velteliner Grüner, Velteliner vert, Velteliner Weisser, Veltelini Zöld, Veltlin Zeleny, Veltlinac Zeleni, Veltlinec, Veltliner, Veltliner Blanc, Veltliner Grau, Veltliner Grun, Veltliner Gruner, Veltliner Grün, Veltliner verde, Veltlini, Veltlinske Zelené, Veltlínské Zelené, Veltlinski Zelenii, Veltlinsky Vert, Veltlinsky Zeleny, Vetlinac, Vetlinac Zeleni, Weisser Raifler, Weisser Reifler, Weisser Valteliner, Weisser Velteliner, Weisser Veltliner, Weissgipfler, Weissgipfler Grüner, Yesil Veltliner, Zeleni Vetlinac, Zeleny Muskatel, Zleni Veltinac, Zöld Muskotally, Zöld Muskotalynak, Zöld Veltelini, Zöld Velteliny, Zöldveltelini, Zold Veltelini
Tatomer 2018 Paragon Grüner Veltliner (Edna Valley)Central CoastTangerine peel, dried lime and a lightly funky kelp aroma draws the ...Editors’ ChoiceSee Full Review$28
Cadre 2019 Band of Stones Grüner Veltliner (Edna Valley)Central CoastWhen his pioneering wine family sold off its large brands, John Niven ...Editors’ ChoiceSee Full Review$28
Türk 2018 Eiswein Grüner Veltliner (Niederösterreich)AustriaHoneyed, heady intensity on the nose is embedded in candied lemon zestiness ...See Full Review$25
Nigl 2018 Eiswein Grüner Veltliner (Niederösterreich)AustriaHints of honey and crushed dandelion appear tenderly on the nose. The ...See Full Review$42
Mantlerhof 2017 Beerenauslese Grüner Veltliner (Niederösterreich)AustriaMusk on the nose blends with the scent of crushed dandelion leaf. ...See Full ReviewN/A
Sektkellerei Christian Madl 2015 Brut Nature Grüner Veltliner (Österreichischer Sekt)AustriaHints of freshly baked brioche are spiked with lemon freshness on the ...See Full Review$46
Zuschmann-Schöffmann 2015 Grosse Reserve Brut Nature Grüner Veltliner (Österreichischer Sekt)AustriaA lovely touch of green apple appears amid the fresh bakery and ...See Full Review$30
Pét Project 2019 Pétillant Naturel Sparkling Wine Soluna Vineyard Grüner Veltliner (Columbia Gorge (WA))Washington OtherAromas of ale, herbs, lentil and musk lead to herby tasting flavors. ...See Full Review$26
Syncline 2019 Bloxom Vineyard Grüner Veltliner (Columbia Valley (WA))Columbia ValleyIntriguing aromas of herb, slate, pear and lentil are followed by broad, ...Editors’ ChoiceSee Full Review$25
Belden Barns 2018 Estate Grown Grüner Veltliner (Sonoma Mountain)SonomaFloral and earthy, this rare find in the entirely of Sonoma County ...See Full Review$28
Maidenstoen 2019 Grüner Veltliner (San Luis Obispo County)Central CoastThere's a dynamic array of tightly spun aromas on the nose of ...Editors’ ChoiceSee Full Review$20
Camins 2 Dreams 2019 Spear Vineyards Grüner Veltliner (Sta. Rita Hills)Central CoastSuperfresh aromas of orange peel, tangerine flesh and a hint of grapefruit ...See Full Review$30
Emmerich Knoll 2018 Ried Schütt Smaragd Grüner Veltliner (Wachau)AustriaThe most subtle tone of crushed yarrow blends with a hint of ...See Full Review$69
Georg Frischengruber 2018 Ried Kreuzberg Smaragd Grüner Veltliner (Wachau)AustriaAn intense note of white pepper bleeds into a luscious fir honey ...Editors’ ChoiceSee Full Review$54
Emmerich Knoll 2018 Vinothekfüllung Smaragd Grüner Veltliner (Wachau)AustriaThe mellow richness of ripe Mirabelle on the nose seems bedded in ...See Full Review$95
Emmerich Knoll 2017 Vinothekfüllung Smaragd Grüner Veltliner (Wachau)AustriaStone and lemon zest, ripe pear peel, yeast, a touch of Mirabelle ...See Full Review$90
Gritsch Mauritiushof 2018 Atzberg Smaragd Steilterrassen Grüner Veltliner (Wachau)AustriaRipe pear peel, dried lemon rind, crushed dandelion leaf and yeast are ...See Full ReviewN/A
Emmerich Knoll 2017 Ried Kreutles Smaragd Grüner Veltliner (Wachau)AustriaLifted herbal notes of crushed yarrow blend with lemon oil on the ...See Full Review$55
Emmerich Knoll 2017 Ried Loibenberg Smaragd Grüner Veltliner (Wachau)AustriaSalty white miso paste, crushed peppercorns, yarrow and ripe Mirabelle unite into ...See Full Review$69
Emmerich Knoll 2018 Ried Loibenberg Smaragd Grüner Veltliner (Wachau)AustriaNotes of crushed yarrow and dandelion leaf seem to be melted in ...See Full Review$69
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