Vermentino is a white wine grape best known in Italy—and, to a lesser extent, France. Significant plantings of Vermentino can be found in Sardinia, the northwest of Italy, and the south of France. Outside of these primary regions, Vermentino is also grown in several diverse regions internationally.
The Vermentino grape has a thin, light-colored skin, producing wines that are usually very aromatic, light-bodied and refreshing. Its aromatic profile can include floral notes, citrus fruits, white fruits and sometimes a nutty quality. On the palate, its flavors range from citrus fruits to mineral notes and even salinity. Vermentino is known for its distinctive bitter finish, reminiscent of almonds. Vermentino is sometimes harvested early to preserve its acidity and are generally enjoyed young.
Though most Vermentino is light in body, some producers opt for a richer and fuller style. This is usually achieved through the process of malolactic fermentation: a secondary fermentation that transfers tart malic acid into creamier lactic acid. This is typically done in oak barrels, and the wines may also be aged in oak for a time.
The Sardinian Denominazione di Origine Controllata e Garantita (DOCG) appellation, Vermentino di Gallura, produces some of the best known Vermentino. Wines produced from Vermentino can also be found across numerous other Italian Denominazione di Origine Controllata (DOC) and French Appellation d’Origine Contrôlée (AOC) areas. Such designated areas, or appellations, enforce strict controls on participating producers—from vineyard management and winemaking practices, to aging and beyond.
These wines should theoretically be of a higher quality than wines without such designations, though there are exceptions. The individual rules will vary from appellation to appellation, but Vermentino is either required or permitted in the blend for a wide variety of these wines.
In Italy, Vermentino forms part of or the entire blend for Vermentino di Gallura DOCG, Vermentino di Sardinia DOC, Riviera Ligure di Ponente Vermentino DOC and Colli di Luni Vermentino DOC, among others. French Vermentino is popular in Patrimonio, Bellet (where the grape is known as Rolle) and numerous Languedoc-Roussillon appellations; notably Côtes du Roussillon.
Elsewhere, Vermentino is grown in the USA, Australia, Lebanon and Malta. American plantings of Vermentino span many states including California, Texas, Virginia and North Carolina.
Though best known as Vermentino, the grape has numerous synonyms. In Piedmont, the grape is known as Favorita—also sometimes called Favorita Bianca or Favorita d’Alba. In the Liguria region of northwest Italy, it’s called Pigato. In Provence and Languedoc-Roussillon, it’s better known as Rolle. Other synonyms include Vermentini, Vermentino Pigato and Vermentino Bianco.
Vermentino should not be confused with Vermentino Nero, an unrelated Tuscan grape that is nearing extinction.
Searching for an excellent Vermentino wine? Use the Wine Enthusiast Buying Guide below and browse through thousands of reviews from our expert tasters to help you pinpoint the right bottle for your enjoyment.
La Selva 2018 Vermentino (Maremma Toscana)TuscanyEnticing aromas of fragrant spring wild flower and white stone fruit waft ...Editors’ ChoiceSee Full Review$18
Château Grand Boise 2018 Cuvée 1610 Vermentino (Côtes de Provence)ProvenceA mix of wood and clay amphoras were used to ferment and ...See Full Review$43
Fleur de California 2018 Estate Vineyards Vermentino (Carneros)Napa-SonomaWaxy green apple and sour cherry dot the landscape of this textured, ...See Full Review$18
Campo alle Comete 2018 Vermentino (Toscana)TuscanyWhite spring-flower, yellow stone-fruit and almond aromas form the nose. On the ...See Full Review$25
Mazzei 2018 Codice Vermentino (Maremma Toscana)TuscanyVinified partly in terracotta amphora, partly in steel and partly on the ...See Full ReviewN/A
Prelius 2018 Vermentino (Maremma Toscana)TuscanyMade entirely with organically farmed Vermentino, this opens with aromas of Spanish ...See Full ReviewN/A
Santa Lucia 2018 Brigante Vermentino (Maremma Toscana)TuscanyMature apricot, wild-herb and citrus aromas are front and center. The aromas ...See Full Review$20
Val delle Rose 2017 Cobalto Vermentino (Maremma Toscana)TuscanyFermented 50% in oak, 34% in amphora and the rest in steel, ...See Full Review$26
Banfi 2018 La Pettegola Vermentino (Toscana)TuscanyHere's a fun, friendly white with aromas of tropical fruit and apricot. ...See Full ReviewN/A
Fattoria Casa di Terra 2018 Vermentino (Bolgheri)TuscanyDeeply yellow in color, this has aromas recalling toasted almond, Mediterranean scrub ...See Full Review$23
Fattoria di Magliano 2018 Pagliatura Vermentino (Maremma Toscana)TuscanyThis tangy white has subtle scents of yellow stone fruit and a ...See Full ReviewN/A
Val delle Rose 2018 Litorale Vermentino (Maremma Toscana)TuscanyTangy and bright, this has aromas of orange blossom and honeydew melon. ...See Full Review$15
Château Grand Boise 2019 Vermentino (Côtes de Provence)ProvenceLike all Provence whites this is a limited-production wine. It has a ...See Full Review$32
Emma M. Louise 2019 Terre de Mistral Vermentino (Mediterranée)France OtherThis is a juicy, lightly perfumed wine, with crisp apple flavors and ...Best BuySee Full Review$12
Podere San Cristoforo 2018 Luminosa Vermentino (Maremma Toscana)TuscanySubtle aromas suggesting yellow stone fruit and beeswax form the nose. On ...See Full Review$27
Fattoria Mantellassi 2018 Lucumone Vermentino (Maremma Toscana)TuscanyTangy and bright, this has subtle aromas of yellow apple and a ...See Full ReviewN/A
Rocca di Frassinello 2018 Vermentino (Maremma Toscana)TuscanyToasted nut, yellow stone fruit and a whiff of dried herb aromas ...See Full Review$18
Palmina 2018 Vermentino (Los Olivos District)Central CoastLight and fresh aromas of lemon pith and pear flesh meet with ...See Full Review$28
Portalupi 2018 Mahoney Vineyard Vermentino (Carneros)Napa-SonomaThis sharp white is as crisp as a freshly squeezed lime, juicy ...See Full ReviewN/A
Eclectic 2018 Tanner Vineyards Vermentino (Sierra Foothills)Sierra FoothillsA creamy texture and sense of concentration make this full-bodied wine a ...See Full Review$20
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