Viura is a white wine-grape variety most often associated with the Rioja region in Spain. Under its more common name, Macabeo, it is grown widely throughout Spain—particularly in Catalunya for Cava production, and the Languedoc-Roussillon area of France.
In the vineyard, the Viura vine undergoes bud break later than many varieties and thus is better protected from the threat of spring frosts. However, it also tends to overproduce. Its bunches can be small and tight, leaving the berries highly susceptible to rot. Quality-minded producers can overcome these issues with meticulous vineyard management, including extreme pruning and early picking. Its berries tend to be large, thick-skinned, relatively low in acidity and somewhat neutral in aroma.
The Viura grape is versatile, offering winemakers many options. Styles of Viura wine vary from dry white table wine to sweet wine and sparkling wine. The grape’s relatively neutral flavor profile makes it suitable for blending with other varieties, including more expressive white varieties or sometimes even red varieties.
Viura is the key ingredient in white Rioja wine. Rioja Blanco is made from a majority of Viura and may be blended with some other varieties including Malvasia and Garnacha Blanca, and international varieties like Chardonnay and Sauvignon Blanc.
Stylistically, white Rioja can range from light and drinkable to richer, full-bodied whites that have spent considerable time in oak. The more youthful style is generally refreshing with flavors of lemon and citrus fruits and floral aromas. Viura responds very well to oak aging and can produce white Rioja wines with considerable potential for aging.
Viura may also be blended alongside red grapes like Tempranillo or Garnacha to produce red Rioja.
The Viura vine was planted in the Rioja region to replace existing plantings of Garnacha Blanca and Malvasia after the outbreak of phylloxera. The average age of Viura vines is high in Rioja today, so when managed with care, these vines give low yields of high-quality fruit.
Known as Macabeo, the grape is used in Catalunya in the production of the traditional method sparkling wine, Cava. Here, it is blended primarily with Parellada and Xarel-lo. Other permitted grapes include Chardonnay, Malvasia, Pinot Noir, Trepat, Garnacha and Monastrell.
Macabeo can make up as much as 50 percent of a typical Cava blend, and contributes delicacy and aroma to the wine.
Macabeo is widely planted throughout Spain, and produces wines in various styles and at varying levels of quality. Its largest planting is in Castilla-La Mancha, and it is also cultivated in Aragón.
In France, known as Maccabéo (or Macabeu), there are considerably plantings throughout the Languedoc-Roussillon region. It contributes to dry whites such as Corbières and Minervois, as well as sweet wines from Maury and Rivesaltes, among others.
Other than those already mentioned, the Viura grape has many synonyms. These include Alcanol, Alcanon, Charas Blanc, Forcalla, Macaban, Macabeu, Maccabéo, Maccabeou, Maccabeu, Makkobeo, Malvoisie and Viuna, among many others.
No matter what you call it, you’re sure to find a bottle to suit your personal taste. Explore our selection of top-rated wines using the online Buying Guide below.
Marqués de Murrieta 2014 Capellanía Viura (Rioja)Northern SpainA lucid light gold color suggests elegance, as does a pure nose ...Cellar SelectionSee Full Review$30
Altos De Rioja 2016 Altos R Pigeage Blanco Viura (Rioja)Northern SpainOak is the sole standout aroma on this barrel-fermented Viura. A plump, ...See Full Review$30
Bodegas Franco-Españolas 2017 Bordón Viura (Rioja)Northern SpainA light, lucid color and aromas of apple and peach open this ...See Full Review$13
Bodega Classica 2017 Lopez de Haro Viura (Rioja)Northern SpainLeesy aromas of pear, apple and vanilla open this simple Viura. A ...Best BuySee Full Review$10
Urbina 2017 Viura (Rioja)Northern SpainWaxy yellow apple aromas are less than vital, while this basic Viura ...See Full Review$15
Telmo Rodríguez 2017 Basa Verdejo-Viura (Rueda)Northern SpainHoneydew and lime aromas show a light note of sea brine and ...See Full Review$16
Palma Real 2017 Verdejo-Viura (Rueda)Northern SpainFruit salad aromas of green melon, citrus and kiwi lead to a ...See Full Review$15
Sonsierra 2017 Selección Viura (Rioja)Northern SpainMild apple scents are about all you'll find on a clean but ...See Full Review$13
El Coto 2017 Blanco Viura (Rioja)Northern SpainPunchy citric aromas are fairly sweaty and green, like Sauvignon Blanc or ...See Full Review$12
Bodegas Berceo 2016 Más de Berceo Viura (Navarra)Northern SpainGeneric white fruit and citrus aromas show a green note of pyrazine ...See Full Review$9
Finca Antigua 2017 Sobre Lías Viura (La Mancha)Central SpainThis Viura, aged five months on the lees, has wayward, blowsy vanilla ...See Full Review$12
Bodegas Faustino 2017 VII Viura (Rioja)Northern SpainBasic aromas of apple and lime are yeasty. This everyday Viura feels ...Best BuySee Full Review$10
Hidalgo 2016 Tradición H Viura (Rioja)Northern SpainA cloudy burnished-gold color and oxidized aromas of briny but stale white ...See Full Review$30
Bodegas Paniza 2016 Viura-Chardonnay (Cariñena)Northern SpainThere's almost no color to this blend of Viura and Chardonnay, nor ...See Full Review$14
Bodegas Paniza 2016 Viura (Cariñena)Northern SpainApple and citrus aromas are spunky but briny and stalky. This basic ...Best BuySee Full Review$10
Palacios Remondo 2014 Placet Viura (Rioja)Northern SpainEqual parts of peach pit, petrol and oak aromas drive this Viura ...See Full Review$45
Palma Real 2016 Verdejo-Viura (Rueda)Northern SpainCitrusy aromas show mild pyrazine notes. This has an oily but citrusy ...See Full ReviewN/A
Aragus 2016 Blanco Viura (Campo de Borja)Northern SpainA largely neutral nose hints at papaya and melon. This Viura is ...Best BuySee Full Review$10
Bodegas Berceo 2015 Más de Berceo Viura (Navarra)Northern SpainChunky oak rests heavily atop aromas of stale white fruits and nuts. ...See Full Review$15
Bodegas Faustino 2016 VII Viura (Rioja)Northern SpainFresh aromas of green apple and melon meld with a note of ...See Full Review$12